Despite decades of tobacco control policies, population growth has seen an increase in the number of smokers, they warn. Researchers say mortality can increase as tobacco companies aggressively shift to new markets, especially in developing countries.
The report was published in the medical journal “The Lancet”. “Despite more than half a century of publishing and warning from reliable evidence of the harmful effects of tobacco on health, today a man of four is a smoker,” said the author, Ph.D. Emanuela Gakidou. “Smoking remains the second biggest risk factor for early death and disease, and in order to further reduce its impact, we will have to intensify tobacco control to further reduce smokers.” The Global Threat of Disease report is based on smoking habits in 195 countries and territories between 1990 and 2015. It has been found that about one billion people smoked daily in 2015, that is, a man for every four and a woman of twenty.
Higher taxes – This reduced the number from one to three men and one to twelve women who smoked in the 1990s. However, the rise in population means a rise in smokers, from 870 million in 1990 to one billion in 2015. And also the number of deaths from tobacco smoking has increased by 4.7%, with more than 6.4 million in 2015.
The survey also found that some countries have succeeded in helping people to give up cigarettes, often with a combination of higher taxes, warnings on cigarette boxes and education programs in this field.
After a 25-year period in Brazil, the percentage of smokers on a daily basis decreased from 29% to 12% between men and 19% to just 8% among women. But the report shows that in Bangladesh, Indonesia and the Philippines there is no difference from 1990 to 2015. In Russia, smoking among the female population rose by 4% in the same period, and the situation is similar in parts of Africa, the authors of this study warn.
For more information about smoking and its negative effects see this video:
And this video to see what will happens when you stop smoking: